Many readers of EdSource know that a variety of factors have combined to put rethinking accountability on state leaders’ to-do list. But most people don’t understand what is really at stake. It’s not just about whether we add measures of “college and career readiness” to the API. This is a worthy goal, but the issue of accountability is much bigger than that. Accountability isn’t just testing; it’s the whole structure of rules and regulations that govern school districts. Here’s why that matters.