By Katrina Schwartz
Students’ behavior is a form of communication and when it’s negative it almost always stems from an underlying cause. There are many reasons kids might be acting out, which makes it difficult for a teacher in a crowded classroom to figure out the root cause. But even if there was time and space to do so, most teachers receive very little training in behavior during their credentialing programs. On average, teacher training programs mandate zero to one classes on behavior and zero to one courses on mental health. Teacher training programs mostly assume that kids in public schools will be “typical,” but that assumption can handicap teachers when they get into real classrooms.
A National Institute of Health study found that 25.1 percent of kids 13-18 in the US have been diagnosed with anxiety disorders. No one knows how many more haven’t been diagnosed. Additionally between eight and 15 percent of the school-aged population has learning disabilities (there is a range because there’s no standard definition of what constitutes a learning disability). Nine percent of 13-18 year-olds have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (although the number one misdiagnoses of anxiety is ADHD), and 11.2 percent suffer from depression.
Source: 20 Tips to Help De-escalate Interactions With Anxious or Defiant Students | MindShift | KQED News
By Byrd Pinkerton
“Discuss, monitor, and educate.”
That’s Kortney Peagram’s advice to parents and teachers who want to help special needs teens lead an online life. She wrote up some of her experiences as a psychologist working to reduce cyberbullying in Chicago for our friends at NPR’s All Tech Considered.
Students can definitely benefit from social media, Peagram says. For kids who can’t be touched, or who can’t look people in the eye, digital networks are a chance to share pictures and interests, and an opportunity to have a social life.
But the internet can be a dangerous place, especially for kids who may struggle with communication.
Source: What Special Ed Teachers and Parents Need To Know About Social Media : NPR Ed : NPR
By Daily Republic Staff
The 10th Annual Community Advisory Committee Recognition Awards Ceremony is scheduled for April 18 from 3:30 to 5 p.m. at the Solano County Office of Education, 5100 Business Center Drive..
The awards are presented for outstanding service to students with special needs. Awards are given to one person from each school district within the Solano County Special Education Local Plan Area: Benicia Unified, Dixon Unified, Fairfield-Suisun Unified, Travis Unified, Vacaville Unified and the Solano County Office of Education.
In addition, one community organization representative and one student representative will be honored who have shown dedication to the support of individuals with special needs.
Source: Ceremony to recognize outstanding service to special needs students
By Richard Bammer
Vacaville Unified leaders, when they meet tonight, will hear a presentation on the second interim report of the 2015-16 budget, likely approve two Measure A-related contracts, and be updated on the district’s special education strategic action plan.
Deo Persaud, the district’s newly named chief business official, will update the seven-member board about the 2015-16 budget. He will note major changes since the first interim report in December, newly projected revenues and expenses, the ending fund balance, and multiyear projections.
He will tell trustees that he plans to file a “positive budget certification” with the Solano County Office of Education, signifying that the district will be able to pay its bills for the current and next two fiscal years.
Source: Budget, Measure A contracts, special education plan on Vacaville Unified agenda
By Jane Meredith Adams
Ordered by the federal government to elevate academics for students with disabilities, and by the state to raise low-income student achievement, the California Department of Education is working to create a unified system that will do both, a move that aims to bring special education students into every school district initiative to improve achievement.
The department is “building the basis of one coherent system,” Tom Torlakson, state superintendent of public instruction, told the State Board of Education last week at its meeting.
For the first time, the California Department of Education’s special education division is planning to align new federal progress measures for students with disabilities with the state board’s system of evaluation, now being created, that will gauge success under California’s school finance system. That system, known as the Local Control Funding Formula, directs additional funds to districts to serve “high-needs” students, defined as low-income students, English learners and foster children.
Source: California moves to bring special education students ‘into the fold’ of mainstream education | EdSource
By Jayne Clare
What is reading readiness? The dictionary defines it as the point when a child transforms from being a non-reader to being a reader. But this definition leaves out the concept that reading readiness may actually begin in the womb. Watch Annie Murphy Paul’s TED Talk to learn more about what is called fetal origins.
In another vein, as Maryanne Wolf writes in Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain, “We were never born to read.” Getting ready to read takes years of informal exposure to language and print in a myriad of ways. This stage is called early literacy. Talking and interacting with children about daily literacy-based activities that interest them in their everyday lives best accomplishes acquiring these skills. Storytelling, print and book awareness, and playing with words #rhyming, clapping, stomping out syllables, rolling and bouncing a ball# are all great ways to get started at an early age. But even when the stage has been set with all the right components, the special-education child usually grapples with reading and writing.
Source: 7 Reading Readiness Apps for Special Needs Students | Edutopia
By Christina Samuels
Special education spending for school aged-children would hold steady, but spending for infants and children under 5 would see a modest boost under the White Houses proposed budget for fiscal year 2017, released on Feb. 9.
Students ages 6-21 currently receive the bulk of federal special education dollars, and that wouldnt change under the proposed spending plan, which would hold overall special education spending steady at $11.9 billion, the same as the previous fiscal year.
An additional $35 million would be allocated to services for children ages 3 to 5, bringing the total proposal to about $403 million. Those children are served under Section 619 of the federal special education law.
via Preschool Special Education Would Get Small Boost Under Federal Budget Plan – On Special Education – Education Week.
By Rachel Raskin-Zrihen
Students and faculty members of Vallejo’s Everest Academy learned Wednesday that you don’t need to be wrapped in a blanket to feel warm and cozy — making and giving blankets away can do that for you, too.
The 5-year-old Everest Academy is a Vallejo City Unified School District special education program, whose school site on Corcoran Avenue, is walking distance to Vallejo Fire Department Station 25.
Three of the small class’ five students, along with the teacher, para-educator and principal, walked to the station on Wednesday morning, to present about a half-dozen fleece blankets the students made in their spare time over the last month or so, principal Eileen Abreu said.
via Special Ed students, faculty present hand-made blankets to Vallejo Fire Dept..
All over the United States, schools are scrambling to find qualified special education teachers. There just arent enough of them to fill every open position.
That means schools must often settle for people who are under-certified and inexperienced. Special ed is tough, and those who arent ready for the challenge may not make it past the first year or two.
Really good teacher preparation might be the difference. At least, thats what the Lee Pesky Learning Center believes.
In partnership with Boise State University, this nonprofit is working to overcome the shortage in Idaho, not just by filling vacancies, but by creating special education teachers fully prepared for the demands — and the rewards — of working with special-needs students.
via Solving The Special Ed Teacher Shortage: Quality, Not Quantity : NPR Ed : NPR.
By Jane Meredith Adams
California now has one of the strictest vaccination laws in the country, but ambiguity in its wording has left school districts deciding on their own whether to grant special education students a de facto exemption.
The California Department of Public Health and the California Department of Education have not yet issued guidance on how to apply the vaccination law to special education students. Under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, students who qualify for special education services, such as speech therapy or small group instruction, must receive those services. Failure to comply leaves districts vulnerable to lawsuits from parents.
At the same time, beginning July 1, the state law will require all kindergarten, transitional kindergarten and 7th-grade students to be vaccinated against 10 communicable diseases before they are allowed to attend school, unless they have a medical condition that makes them unable to do so. Under the new law, parents can no longer refuse to vaccinate their children in public or private schools and child care centers based on their personal beliefs.
via Some districts exempt students in special ed from vaccination law | EdSource.
By Lee Hale
Its getting harder and harder to find quality special education teachers, which is why 49 out of 50 states report shortages.
Why? Its a tough sell.
Even if youre up for the low pay and noisy classrooms, special education adds another challenge: crushing paperwork.
This is something I understand firsthand. You see, I was a special education teacher and I just couldnt hack it. Though Im somewhat ashamed to admit it, I lasted only a year in the classroom.
I chose special education for what felt like the right reason. I wanted to help the students who struggle to learn. But I soon realized that was only a part of the job.
via Its Not Easy Teaching Special Ed : NPR Ed : NPR.
How can technology help improve our quality of life? How can we navigate the world without using the sense of vision? Inventor and IBM Fellow Chieko Asakawa, whos been blind since the age of fourteen, is working on answering these questions. In a charming demo, she shows off some new technology thats helping blind people explore the world ever more independently … because, she suggests, when we design for greater accessibility, everyone benefits.
via Chieko Asakawa: How new technology helps blind people explore the world | TED Talk | TED.com.
By Amy Maginnis-Honey
The smile on Dominic Miller’s face couldn’t have been any wider.
The 5-year-old who attends Dan O. Root Elementary School was one of about 560 children who participated in a special event Thursday at Fairfield High School’s Schaefer Stadium.
The gathering was the first since the Fairfield-Suisun School District partnered with Special Olympics Northern California to launch a unified sports program with eight elementary schools.
via The great equalizer: Sports program pairs special, general-ed children.
By Irma Widjojo
A Benicia special education teacher had no idea that the friendships that began at the play ground during recess time would turn into something much bigger.
“I was flabbergasted,” said Tammy Harley, Mary Farmar Elementary School special education teacher.
Harley said it was the beginning of this school year when third grader KayLee Ingle came to her and told her that she has a surprise.
“She told me she’s been fundraising for my class during the summer,” she said.
via Benicia girl with a big heart raises money for special friends.
By Christina Samuels
Loosening the reins on state and district special education spending could lead to more innovation without damaging student services, says a report released Monday from a congressional watchdog agency.
The Government Accountability Office was asked to look into special education spending—specifically the provisions around “maintenance of effort.”
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires, with few exceptions, that school districts and states spend the same amount or more on special education from year to year. That eliminates wild swings in funding, and insures that spending can only go up, not down.
via Special Education Spending Flexibility Focus of GAO Report – On Special Education – Education Week.
By Christina Samuels
Almost 5 percent of students in New Hampshire have disabilities that are covered solely by “Section 504,” which offers protection to students who have a “physical or mental disability that substantially limits one or more major life activities.” These disabilities might include conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, food allergies, depression, or mobility impairments.
In contrast, in New Mexico and Wisconsin, less than half a percent of students have such plans.
These findings come from a recent analysis of Section 504 enrollment conducted by the Advocacy Institute of data from the U.S. Department of Educations Civil Rights Data Collection. That data collection covers the 2011-12 school year, and about 16,500 school districts, 96,500 schools, and 49 million students were included.
via States Vary in Proportion of Students With Disability-Related 504 Plans – On Special Education – Education Week.
By Ryan Chalk
A Vacaville native has taken her lifelong passion for music to help children with developmental disabilities transform their lives, one song at a time.
It’s happening inside a Davis Street home that once housed a longtime Vacaville photography business, now home to a bustling music education and performance studio called the Young Artists Conservatory of Music. A hub of activity, in one room, you might hear a student attempting to master Beethoven on piano, a budding saxophonist running a jazz scale, and in another, Brianna McCulloch, a board certified music therapist, leading a child in song.
via Vacaville native, music conservatory bring music therapy to children with disabilities.
By Christina Samuels
School districts would have more permission to reduce their special education spending under a bill introduced in Congress today by Michigan Rep. Tim Walberg, a Republican.
Currently, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act only allows district special education spending cuts in limited circumstances—for example, if a highly paid special educaton teacher retires and is replaced with someone who earns a lower salary. Other permitted reasons to reduce funding include a student who requires expensive services leaving the district, or an overall decline in special education enrollment. This so-called “maintenance of effort” provision is intended to keep funding, and thereby services to students, stable.
Walbergs bill would allow districts to cut back on special education spending if theyve found other ways to reduce costs while keeping services intact. If a district negotiates a contract with its teachers that reduces personnel costs, for example, the bill states that the district should be able to adjust special education spending to account for that.
via Special Education Bill Offers Flexibility on Maintenance of Effort – On Special Education – Education Week.
By Christina Samuels
Each year, hundreds of thousands of students in special education graduate from their high schools.
And then what happens?
In the 10th annual edition of its Diplomas Count report, Education Week tries to answer that question. The report is a blend of journalism and reseach: the Education Week Research Center delved into federal data to offer an important snapshot of where students with disabilities end up after they leave high school. My journalist colleagues and I give life to those numbers by talking to students as they make important future decisions about college and about work.
For example: Do students with disabilities tell their colleges about their special needs, or do they try to go without any of the supports they may have used in high school? (The answer: most of them do not disclose.) For students who are headed directly to the workplace, have they been taught how to advocate for themselves? (The answer: its hit-or-miss.)
via Postsecondary Transition for Students in Special Education: The Road Ahead – On Special Education – Education Week.
By Christina Samuels
There appears to be no connection between vision or eye disorders and reading impairments, according to a study of about 5,800 children that will be published in the June issue of Pediatrics.
The sample of children was taken from a longitudinal study of families living in the Bristol, England area. The children were all 7 to 9 years old, and 3 percent tested as having severe reading impairments.
The researchers then tested the vision of those children. Four out of five had normal eyesight. A small minority of children displayed minor anomalies in depth perception and fusing abiilty, or the ability to use both eyes properly at the same time.
But theres no evidence from this study that therapies to improve eyesight will do anything to help with dyslexia, the researchers concluded. “The best evidence is for intensive interventions involving instruction on phonics, word anal
via Study Finds No Connection Between Eye Problems and Dyslexia – On Special Education – Education Week.